When ever mind indulges with that which it is not then it fluctuates creating an experience of restlessness.
An example would be ocean water which produces a tide when it interacts with air.
Question is what is mind? what is it interacting and indulging with?
Mind is not matter. Matter is a projection of existence with attributes. When mind indulges and identifies itself with matter then mind fluctuates. While matter with attributes is only a relative truth attribute-less existence is the absolute truth. Mind is that existence which is absolute but does not get called as mind. Only when there is relative existence and fluctuation, mind gets defined. Hence existence in its fluctuated state is called mind and not otherwise.
When absolute existence interacts with the attributes of matter that keeps changing the flux that gets created thereof gives an experience of separate identity. This separateness is an illusion. This separateness is when mind gets defined.
Peace is a state of experience when the fluctuations are absent. This is the natural state of absolute existence and is the absolute truth.
The four fold existential relation of a being can be categorized as:
The fourth category “Vyashti” is mostly concerned about its own existence and is least bothered about anything otherwise. All actions done by such a being is to sustain and experience through the body. Human beings under this category can be classified as “Sudras”.
The third category “Samashti” is mostly concerned about the dealings of the society. Material transaction that enables self-sustenance and sustenance of the fellow beings around becomes their focus. Such human beings can also be categorized as the “Vaishyas”.
The second category “Shrishti” brings under it beings who are more focused towards the welfare of beings or creation. Their identity is with the masses both animate and inanimate and their welfare. Hence they devise ways to sustain the jurisdiction or region under their control for larger good of beings therein. Such beings can be categorized as the “Kshatriyas” who protect and are concerned about the larger welfare than their own self.
The first category “Parameshti” is known to be the highest state of existential relation as the being has dissolved the self-identity and has merged with the Universal identity. Beings who are engaged in such actions through thoughts and actions can be categorized as the “Brahmanas”. Their sustenance is taken care of by the other three categories for they are the gateway towards salvation. The beings in this category are not at all bothered about their bodily self and always operate at the level of Universal good.
Thus all the four varnas get defined according to the actions and relation to the existential relation.
Happiness is defined by a state of experiencing completeness. When one experiences completeness happiness prevails.
Grief on the other hand is to experience incompleteness. When one experiences incompleteness misery or grief prevails.
Man goes into the world to find a sense of completeness. At times attaching oneself to something makes one feel complete and at times detaching oneself to something gives a sense of completeness. The former encompasses all that man likes and the later encompasses all that man dislikes. Since this is a cycle of likes and dislikes that give a temporary state of happiness it is termed as pleasure.
When man realises that with or without anything from the world he is complete, then the experience of happiness therein does not dwindle based on the world. This persistent, consistent, undisturbed, unperturbed, constant state of happiness is termed as bliss. There are no likes and dislikes I this state. The self is complete with the self. There is nothing to be taken out of the self nor added to it for it is completeness or fullness personified.
Wants of the world always are associated with temporary happiness, pleasure or pain.
While we humans ponder and worry over destruction or dissolution by death we fail seeing the truth.
A simple analogy of the Universe would be the human body. If in a human body a virus starts colonising then it becomes necessary for the virulent information (VIRUS) to be removed through various means. Why do we do it? This is because the virus is not in synchrony with the information necessary to conduct life in the human body. The like of it is what the Universal body does to the human bodies that are asynchronous to its presence. The ones that are asynchronous to the Universal presence deem to be dissolved for the higher presence to prevail thus maintaining the larger Universal order. This process of dissolution is being termed as death.
How then to overcome death?
If only we become synchronised with the Universal being then the necessity for dissolution is not there. Hence the sages or saints of the past in India and elsewhere, having realised this truth, took upon efforts to align themselves to the Universal being so that the asynchronous presence can be eliminated.
How to find the Universal presence?
Just like the kernel of an operating system in a computer pervades all that is within the operating system, the Universal presence is well a part of all beings. With a little effort one can relate/know its presence. This calls for removing (or) minimisation of distractions caused due to the indulgence in the world we have created. All the spiritual texts direct or point us to these processes.
Every being is trying to prove to itself, its own existence in this world. If this is done through the world this world keeps disproving it due to multiplicity it projects and pushes one to prove it more authentically. Thus the game continues. The various decorations that come with the name and form are but a way to prove oneself of ones existence.
The moment one acknowledges ones own existence the game is over. There is total acceptance, knowing, contentment, rest, peace, fullness and sense of completeness.
All beings are but a reservoir of consciousness. The walls of the reservoir is the body. The body becomes aware because of the presence of consciousness. The body tends to interpret this awareness as if its nature and identifies the awareness to itself.
As such consciousness in the reservoir is undisturbed and serene. It is best understood through an analogy.
Water in a pot is just stagnant and non-turbulent. Unless an entity/force disturbs the water the water does not show any sign of turbulence.
Likewise the consciousness is stable and serene, un-noticed. The only evidence of its presence is the awareness it attributes to the body. When directed by attractions of the body consciousness flows towards the object of attraction thus infusing life into the object of attraction. A thought is a virtual lifeless vibration until consciousness infuses life into the thought whereby action emanates through the body. The process of attraction or repulsion caused by the objects through the body creates a sense of turbulence in the consciousness. This turbulence is defined as the mind.
Mind is the same consciousness but a turbulent ever flowing state.